Short Paper:  ANWR

 

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is a 19,000,000 acre region on the North Slope of Alaska.  It was set aside as protected land by President Eisenhower.  It is one of the most biologically diverse arctic regions in the world containing six different life zones.  According to the most recent estimates by the United States Geological Survey it also contains approximately 8 billion barrels of recoverable oil beneath its surface.  For over a quarter of a century, whether or not to drill for that oil has been a touchy and as yet unresolved political issue.

 

Congratulations, you have just been confirmed as United States Secretary of Energy.  The president is very interested in resolving once and for all the issue of whether or not to drill in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.  He has asked you to prepare a report detailing the pros and cons of such a drilling program.  Please write a brief (1-2 page) memo to your staff telling them what information you would like the to compile so that you can give informed advice to the president.