City Creek Canyon has several
groups of native birds: Riparian birds, Terrestrial birds and Migratory
birds. Riparian birds live along the creek and in the Cottonwood or Box
Elder Trees that grow along the creek. Migratory birds fly long distances
to raise their young in City Creek Canyon in the Oak
and Maple trees. Terrestrial birds live in the upper forested watershed
which is dry and has different types of trees and shrubs. The main trees
are Gambel Oaks and Big Tooth Maples.
Our main focus here, is to describe the birds that you could expect to see in the lower parts of the canyon. Only one species, the American Dipper bird lives in the riparian zone. Others, like the Northern Flicker and the Black Capped Chickadee are commonly found in the Cottonwood and Box Elder trees of the Riparian habitat. The Western Scrub Jay is an important member of the City Creek ecosystem because of its role with the deciduous Oak and Maple trees of the Transistion Life Zone, but can be found in the Riparian habitats also. The Lazurli Bunting is in a group of birds that migrate from the south, where they spend their winters, to the northern foothills of City Creek Canyon in the Wasatch Mountains where they breed.
City Creek Canyo has many different species of birds. Walking along the stream and on the trails, the area is full of song. These birds are an important part of the creek's ecosystem. Many birds, like the robin, eat the berries of the native shrubs. The undigested seeds are excreted and the seeds germinate under roost trees. This is the way in which birds spread seeds and help propogate the native shrubs, providing more food for their future offspring.